The Importance of Proper Bookkeeping for Canadians

What is Bookkeeping?

Bookkeeping refers to the process of recording and organizing financial transactions of a business or individual. Proper bookkeeping allows you to keep track of your income and expenses, make informed financial decisions, and prepare accurate financial statements.

As a Canadian, bookkeeping is particularly important for tax purposes. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) requires individuals and businesses to keep accurate financial records for at least six years. Failure to do so can result in penalties and fines.

Benefits of Proper Bookkeeping

  1. Tax Compliance: Proper bookkeeping ensures that you are able to accurately report your income and expenses to the CRA, making tax season much easier.
  2. Financial Planning: With accurate financial records, you can create a budget, track your expenses, and make informed financial decisions.
  3. Improved Cash Flow: Proper bookkeeping allows you to track your accounts receivable and accounts payable, helping you to manage your cash flow and ensure that you have enough money to cover your expenses.
  4. Business Growth: Accurate financial records can help you secure financing or investment for your business, as well as track your business’s growth over time.

Tips for Proper Bookkeeping

Now that you understand the importance of proper bookkeeping, here are some tips for keeping your finances in order as a Canadian:

  1. Keep Receipts: Keep all receipts for business expenses and other deductible expenses. This includes receipts for meals, entertainment, travel, and office supplies.
  2. Separate Personal and Business Expenses: Keep personal and business expenses separate. This will make it easier to track your business expenses and ensure that you are only claiming deductible expenses on your tax return.
  3. Use Accounting Software: Consider using accounting software to track your income and expenses. Many software programs are available for Canadian businesses and individuals, including QuickBooks and FreshBooks.
  4. Reconcile Your Accounts: Reconcile your bank and credit card statements regularly to ensure that your records match your actual transactions.
  5. Hire a Professional: If bookkeeping is not your strong suit, consider hiring a professional bookkeeper or accountant to manage your finances for you.


Proper bookkeeping is essential for anyone who wants to stay on top of their finances and avoid penalties from the CRA. By keeping accurate financial records, you can ensure tax compliance, make informed financial decisions, and track your business’s growth over time. Follow the tips above to keep your finances in order and avoid any unnecessary headaches come tax time.